SAP Definition & Jargon

SAP Definition for its various products. Know what does it mean by SAP ERP,  Business Suite, mySAP, Netweaver, etc. This article is a Quick reference for SAP definition / terms used in the SAP family of solutions. Handy if you are looking for a single place for the SAP terminology:


 SAP (Systems, Applications and Products in data processing)

SAP AG, the world's leading business software provider, offers a range of enterprise application software covering almost all business areas. Most of the business software market esp large companies are dominated by SAP AG and its arch-rival Oracle Corp. SAP offers a comprehensive range of applications branded as SAP Business Suite. Oracle offers E-Business Suite (EBS).



SAP GUI(Graphical User Interface) is the component of SAP software installed on user machines used to connect to SAP application servers. It uses local machine resources as much as possible to reduce load on the SAP servers - which are shared resources used by many users. SAP GUI ruled the SAP kingdom as the only UI technology for many years. SAP developed other user interfaces - web dynpro among the most popular one. SAP plans to replace the SAP GUI technology with Web Dynpro in the long term because of the many advantages it offers.


SAP Netweaver

SAP Netweaver is the comprehensive integration and application platform and is the technological backbone of SAP Business Suite.
SAP Netweaver includes the whole range of enabling technologies like SAP EP (Enterprise Portal) infrastructure, SAP BW (Business Warehousing), SAP XI (Exchange Integration), SAP WebAS (Web application server), mobile technologies and others.


SAP ABAP is the programming language of SAP. SAP developed ABAP for programming various SAP applications. ABAP stands for Advanced Business Application Programming. The language helps in customizing applications for different customer requirements which can not be provided as part of standard software.


ABAP Objects

ABAP Objects is the object-oriented extended version of the 4th generation ABAP language (called ABAP/4). Starting from version 4.6, ABAP is continuosly gaining new object-oriented features making it at par with other modern languages. ABAP Objects is not a 100% object-oriented language like Java rather a hybrid language where the old procedural paradigm exists with the modern object-oriented component.


SAP Business Suite

SAP Business Suite is a collection of integrated enterprise applications which enables enterprises to perform business processes designed to work with other SAP and non-SAP software. Core applications of SAP Business Suite are : SAP ERP, SAP CRM, SAP PLM, SAP SCM and SAP SRM. SAP Business Suite applications are built on an open, service-oriented architecture (SOA) and powered by SAP Netweaver platform.


SAP ERP is the comprehensive enterprise resource planning solution from SAP. SAP ERP is powered by SAP Netweaver technology and includes the full suite of applications for Financials, Human Resources, Operations Management, Corporate Services and Analytics.



SAP Customer Relationship Management helps businesses to focus on customer related business processes like Marketing, Sales, Customer services, e-commerce, etc.



SAP Product Lifecycle Management is the application for product-related processes starting from the first product idea, through manufacturing to product service.



SAP Supply Change Management applications helps businesses to plan and execute its supply networks. It also enables collaboration and co-ordination empowering the supply chain processes.



SAP Supplier Relationship Management application focuses on supplier relationship to empower procurement process and suppliers as strategic partners in the organization. It is aimed at strengthening procure-to-pay processes for goods and services. Simplifying sourcing and procurement functions leads to reduction in procurement costs and better managed supplies.


Web Dynpro

Web Dynpro is the new UI programming model from SAP that will replace the classic SAP GUI technology in the long-term. SAP launched Web Dynpro as one of the technical components of SAP Netweaver platform in year 2003. Since then, it is an integral part of SAP Netweaver environment and every new release enhances the web dynpro technology further.



SAP High-Performance Analytic Appliance (HANA) platform is the part of SAP's in-memory computing strategy. With HANA, it is possible to manage the entire enterprise data in the main memory by replicating from different database sources. This very high volume of data can be made available for processing and analytics in real-time.



SAP introduced this term way back in 2003 to represent the web-enablement of its various applications and introduction of e-commerce capabilities. At that time, it was a big things in SAP circles and SAP products were referred as mySAP ERP, mySAP Business Suite, etc.

SAP arch-rival Oracle Corporation too offers a comprehensive suite of business solutions branded as E-Business Suite. Oracle solutions offer tough competition to SAP solutions being in the same space.

[ References: SAP Business Suite, SAP ERP ]

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